Primary erythermalgia as a sodium channelopathy: screening for SCN9A mutations: exclusion of a causal role of SCN10A and SCN11A.
until further notice
SourceArchives of Dermatology, 144, 3, (2008), pp. 320-324
Article / Letter to editor
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Archives of Dermatology
SubjectIGMD 2: Molecular gastro-enterology and hepatology; NCMLS 5: Membrane transport and intracellular motility; UMCN 5.1: Genetic defects of metabolism
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the rate of missense mutations in the SCN9A gene (which encodes sodium channel Na(v)1.7) (OMIM 603415) among patients with primary erythermalgia and to examine the possibility that other sodium channels can cause the disease. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Department of Medicine, Radboud University Nijmegen, the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Six patients with sporadic and 9 with unique familial primary erythermalgia. Interventions Questionnaire to determine clinical profile and sequencing of all coding exons from SCN9A and those of SCN10A (OMIM 604427) and SCN11A (OMIM 604385) in 2 selected cases with a clear family history of the disease. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Detection of SCN9A mutation. RESULTS: We identified 1 patient with an SCN9A mutation. This mutation (I848T) has been associated with primary erythermalgia. Sequencing of 2 other candidate genes did not show mutations in 2 patients with familial primary erythermalgia. CONCLUSIONS: The Na(v)1.7 voltage-gated sodium channels are related to syndromes of altered nociception. We detected a low SCN9A mutation rate in patients with primary erythermalgia, suggesting that pain syndromes in the skin may have a polygenic basis.
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