Recommendations for the measurement of FIV(1) values in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
until further notice
SourceRespiration, 76, 1, (2008), pp. 46-52
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectN4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; UMCN 4.1: Microbial pathogenesis and host defense
BACKGROUND: In contrast to static inspiratory parameters such as vital capacity and inspiratory capacity, information on forced inspiratory volume in 1 s (FIV(1)) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is limited. OBJECTIVES: It was the aim of this study to investigate the influence of the preceding expiratory manoeuvre and the optimal number of manoeuvres on FIV(1) values. METHODS: In 169 patients with COPD, FIV(1) manoeuvres were performed after a forced (FIV(1)-Fe) and a slow (FIV(1)-Se) expiration. To investigate the optimal number of the FIV(1)-Se manoeuvres, 8 attempts were performed. RESULTS: The variability of FIV(1)-Fe was greater than that of FIV(1)-Se. The mean difference between FIV(1)-Se and FIV(1)-Fe was 0.21 litres (p < 0.01) and dependent on the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) stage. The higher the GOLD stage, the greater the difference between the 2 techniques. The correlation coefficient between FIV(1)-Se and FIV(1)-Fe was high (r = 0.89, p = 0.01), but there was a poor agreement between these parameters (limits of agreement -0.52 to 0.94 litres). Five manoeuvres were needed to obtain an optimal FIV(1)-Se. There was no association with the GOLD stage. CONCLUSIONS: In COPD patients, FIV(1)-Se are less variable than FIV(1)-Fe, the agreement between the 2 manoeuvres is poor, and at least 5 FIV(1)-Se manoeuvres are needed to get an acceptable FIV(1). This holds for all GOLD stages.
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