Nitric oxide down-regulates the expression of organic cation transporters (OCT) 1 and 2 in rat kidney during endotoxemia.
until further notice
Number of pages
SourceEuropean Journal of Pharmacology, 584, 2-3, (2008), pp. 390-397
Article / Letter to editor
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IMM - Institute for Molecules and Materials
European Journal of Pharmacology
SubjectIGMD 9: Renal disorder; NCMLS 2: Metabolism, transport and motion; NCMLS 5: Membrane transport and intracellular motility; Synthetic Organic Chemistry; UMCN 5.4: Renal disorders
In the kidney, P-glycoprotein (Abcb1), an ATP-driven drug efflux pump, plays an important role in the detoxification of proximal tubule cells through the excretion of cationic and amphipathic organic compounds. We recently found that NO, produced by renal inducible NO synthase (iNOS), is involved in an up-regulation of P-glycoprotein during endotoxemia in rats. In the present study, we investigated the functional consequences of endotoxemia on the renal handling of rhodamine 123 by using isolated perfused rat kidneys. Wistar Hannover rats were injected intraperitoneally with 5 mg/kg body weight lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or with both LPS and the iNOS inhibitor, aminoguanidine. Despite an increased P-glycoprotein expression, we found a diminished urinary rhodamine 123 clearance 12 h after LPS (P<0.001). In addition, we found a diminished perfusate clearance (P<0.05) for rhodamine 123 after LPS treatment, suggesting a predominant role of influx carriers in urinary rhodamine 123 excretion. We examined the expression levels of organic cation transporter 1 (Slc22a1/Oct1) and Slc22a2/Oct2. Both appeared to be down-regulated at the mRNA and protein level, 12 h after LPS. Co-administration of aminoguanidine attenuated the down-regulation of both Oct1 and Oct2 protein expression and reversed the decrease in rhodamine 123 clearance (P<0.001). These findings indicate that NO, produced by iNOS, is responsible for a down-regulation of the influx carriers, Oct1 and Oct2.
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