Tailored cognitive-behavioral therapy for fibromyalgia: two case studies.
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SourcePatient Education and Counseling, 71, 2, (2008), pp. 308-314
Article / Letter to editor
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Patient Education and Counseling
SubjectEBP 1: Determinants of Health and Disease; EBP 2: Effective Hospital Care; N4i 4: Auto-immunity, transplantation and immunotherapy; NCEBP 2: Evaluation of complex medical interventions; NCEBP 8: Psychological determinants of chronic illness; UMCN 4.2: Chronic inflammation and autoimmunity; EBP 1: Determinants of Health and Disease; EBP 2: Effective Hospital Care
OBJECTIVE: To illustrate a multidisciplinary group treatment for patients with fibromyalgia (FM) tailored to the patient's cognitive-behavioral pattern. METHOD: In a case-study design the tailored treatment approaches of two FM patients were described. One patient characterized by avoidance behavior (pain-avoidance pattern) participated in a group treatment aimed at changing pain-avoidance mechanisms and one patient characterized by continuing with activities in spite of pain (pain-persistence pattern) participated in a group treatment aimed at changing pain-persistence mechanisms. Assessments were made at baseline, post-treatment and at 6-months follow-up. RESULTS: Comparison of the pretest, post-test and follow-up scores on pain, functional disability, fatigue and psychological distress showed clinically significant improvements for both patients. CONCLUSION: The heterogeneity of patients regarding pain-related cognitive-behavioral mechanisms has been proposed to underlie varying treatment outcomes in FM patients. These results demonstrate that a group treatment tailored to pain-avoidance and pain-persistence patterns is feasible and can result in clinically significant changes for FM patients. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: FM offers a great challenge for clinicians due to the lack of effective treatment options. These case studies suggests that tailored CBT and exercise training directed at specific patient patterns can contribute to the improvement of the care of FM patients.
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