The use of biomarkers for improved retrospective exposure assessment in epidemiological studies: summary of an ECETOC workshop.
until further notice
SourceBiomarkers, 13, 7, (2008), pp. 734-48
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
Epidemiology, Biostatistics & HTA
SubjectNCEBP 1: Molecular epidemiology; UMCN 1.5: Interventional oncology; UMCN 5.2: Endocrinology and reproduction
During a scientific workshop the use of biological monitoring in characterization of retrospective exposure assessment was discussed. The workshop addressed currently available methodology and also novel approaches such as in different fields of 'omics'. For use in epidemiology requiring retrospective exposure assessment, biomarker levels should not vary too much over time. If variability in exposure over time is large and differences in exposure between individuals are relatively small, this may lead to underestimation of the exposure-response relationship. This means that, for a sound assessment of health risk, biomarkers that reflect cumulative exposure over a long period of time are preferred over biomarkers with short half-lives. Most of the existing biomarkers such as metabolites in body fluids usually have rather short half-lives, typically less than 1-2 days. Some adducts to DNA show somewhat longer half-lives. The current limit to persistence of biomarkers reflecting cumulative exposure over time is from adducts to haemoglobin with a half-life of 4 months. Some specific organic substances may be more persistent due to storage in adipose tissue or metals in kidneys, nails and hair. The metabonomics, proteomics and present gene expression profiling approaches do not provide a perspective to the availability of more persistent biomarkers and most approaches discussed to date show that it is difficult to interpret study outcomes in terms of exposure to a specific xenobiotic factor. Research efforts should focus on improvement and validation of currently available approaches in the field of addition products to DNA and proteins. Promising new developments may be phosphotriester DNA adducts and adducts to more long-lived proteins such as histones.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.