Dipyridamole enhances ischaemia-induced reactive hyperaemia by increased adenosine receptor stimulation.
until further notice
SourceBritish Journal of Pharmacology, 153, 6, (2008), pp. 1169-1176
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ DCC KI
SW OZ NICI KI
British Journal of Pharmacology
SubjectDCN 1: Perception and Action; EBP 3: Effective Primary Care and Public Health; N4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; N4i 4: Auto-immunity, transplantation and immunotherapy; NCEBP 14: Cardiovascular diseases; UMCN 2.2: Vascular medicine and diabetes
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dipyridamole enhances post-occlusive reactive hyperaemia (PORH) in the human forearm vascular bed. We hypothesize that this effect is completely mediated by increased adenosine receptor stimulation. To test this hypothesis, the effect of caffeine (an adenosine receptor antagonist) on dipyridamole-induced augmentation of PORH was explored. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: The forearm vasodilator responses to three increasing periods of forearm ischaemia (2, 5 and 13 min) were determined during placebo infusion. Forty minutes after the last reperfusion period, this procedure was repeated during intra-arterial infusion of dipyridamole (7.4 nmol min(-1) per 100 ml forearm). At least 2 weeks later, this whole procedure was repeated, but now in the presence of caffeine (90 microg min(-1) per 100 ml volume). KEY RESULTS: After 2, 5 and 13 min of ischaemia, the average forearm blood flow increased to 5.6+/-0.7, 9.7+/-1.3 and 34.5+/-2.1 ml min(-1) per 100 ml. After infusion of dipyridamole into the brachial artery, these numbers were significantly increased to 7.7+/-0.8, 12.5+/-1.5 and 41.6+/-3.1 ml min(-1) per 100 ml. This response was abolished by the concomitant infusion of caffeine (6.6+/-0.5, 10.2+/-0.6, 35.1+/-2.2 (caffeine) versus 7.4+/-0.4, 10.5+/-0.6, 33.7+/-2.2 ml min(-1)per 100 ml (caffeine/dipyridamole)). CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Caffeine prevented the augmenting effect of dipyridamole on PORH. This indicates that dipyridamole-induced augmentation of PORH is mediated via increased adenosine receptor stimulation as a result of elevated extracellular formation of adenosine during ischaemia.
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