Differential family and peer environmental factors are related to severity and comorbidity in children with ADHD.
until further notice
SourceJournal of Neural Transmission, 115, 2, (2008), pp. 177-186
Article / Letter to editor
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PI Group Memory and Emotion
F.C. Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging
Journal of Neural Transmission
Subject110 012 Social cognition of verbal communication; 150 000 MR Techniques in Brain Function; DCN 1: Perception and Action; DCN 3: Neuroinformatics; NCEBP 9: Mental health; UMCN 3.2: Cognitive neurosciences
Behavioral genetic studies imply that salient environmental influences operate within families, making siblings in a family different rather than similar. This study is the first one to examine differential sibling experiences (as measured with the Sibling Inventory of Differential Experience) and its effect on behavioral outcomes within ADHD families. Subjects were 45 Dutch ADHD probands and their unaffected siblings (n = 45) aged 10-18 years. ADHD probands and their unaffected siblings reported differences in sibling interaction, parental treatment, and peer characteristics. These nonshared environmental influences were related to both the severity of ADHD symptoms as well as to comorbid problem behaviors. These findings suggest that environmental influences that operate within ADHD families appear relevant to the severity of problem behaviors of ADHD children and their siblings.
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