Detoxification enzyme polymorphisms are not involved in duodenal adenomatosis in familial adenomatous polyposis.
until further notice
SourceBritish Journal of Surgery, 95, 4, (2008), pp. 499-505
Article / Letter to editor
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British Journal of Surgery
SubjectIGMD 2: Molecular gastro-enterology and hepatology; NCMLS 1: Immunity, infection and tissue repair; NCMLS 6: Genetics and epigenetic pathways of disease; ONCOL 1: Hereditary cancer and cancer-related syndromes; ONCOL 2: Age-related aspects of cancer; ONCOL 3: Translational research; ONCOL 5: Aetiology, screening and detection; UMCN 1.2: Molecular diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring; UMCN 1.3: Tumor microenvironment
BACKGROUND: Patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) are at high risk of developing duodenal adenomas and carcinomas. Besides germline mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene, additional factors may influence the age of onset and number of duodenal adenomas. This study compared the genotype distributions of duodenal detoxification enzyme isoforms in patients with FAP and controls. METHODS: The study included 85 patients with FAP and 218 healthy age- and sex-matched controls. Genotyping of all participants using polymerase chain reaction was performed to detect polymorphisms in isoforms of uridine 5'-diphosphate glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) and glutathione S-transferases (GSTs): UGT1A1, UGT1A3, UGT1A4, UGT1A6, UGT1A10, UGT2B4, UGT2B7, UGT2B15, GSTA1, GSTP1, GSTM1 and GSTT1. RESULTS: The variant genotypes of UGT1A3 were less common in patients with FAP than in controls (odds ratio 0.39 (95 per cent confidence interval 0.22 to 0.67)). There were no associations between FAP and the other polymorphic genes. The polymorphisms investigated had no predictive value for the severity of duodenal adenomatosis in patients with FAP. CONCLUSION: Although the variant genotypes of UGT1A3 were less common in patients with FAP than in those without, this did not modulate the severity of duodenal adenomatosis.
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