An in-home geriatric programme for vulnerable community-dwelling older people improves the detection of dementia in primary care.
until further notice
SourceInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 23, 12, (2008), pp. 1312-1319
Article / Letter to editor
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Primary and Community Care
Epidemiology, Biostatistics & HTA
Centre for Quality of Care Research
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
SubjectDCN 1: Perception and Action; EBP 2: Effective Hospital Care; EBP 3: Effective Primary Care and Public Health; EBP 4: Quality of Care; IGMD 5: Health aging / healthy living; NCEBP 11: Alzheimer Centre; NCEBP 14: Cardiovascular diseases; NCEBP 2: Evaluation of complex medical interventions; NCEBP 4: Quality of hospital and integrated care; NCEBP 6:Quality of nursing and allied health care; NCEBP 7: Effective primary care and public health; NCEBP 9: Mental health; ONCOL 4: Quality of Care; EBP 2: Effective Hospital Care
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Dementia is under-diagnosed in primary care. This study investigated whether an in-home geriatric assessment and management programme could improve the identification of patients with dementia in primary care. METHODS: A secondary analysis was performed, using data of a randomised controlled trial that studied the effects of an in-home geriatric evaluation and management programme compared with usual care. In this trial, 151 vulnerable community-dwelling patients, aged 70 years and older, participated: 86 in the intervention group and 66 in de control group. The effect of the programme on the dementia detection rate was determined by comparing the number of new dementia diagnoses in both study arms at 6 months follow-up. RESULTS: Of all 151 participants, 38 (25%) had a registered dementia diagnosis at baseline. During follow-up, 23 of 113 patients without a registered dementia diagnosis at baseline were identified as suffering from dementia. The difference between the numbers of new dementia diagnoses in the intervention group (19 of 66 patients) and the control group (4 of 47 patients) was significant. (p = 0.02) CONCLUSION: An in-home geriatric assessment and management programme for vulnerable older patients improves the detection of dementia and can therefore contribute to overcoming of under-diagnosis of dementia.
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