[Short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (SCADD): relatively high prevalence in the Netherlands and strongly variable fenotype; neonatal screening not indicated]
SourceNederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde, 152, 30, (2008), pp. 1678-1685
Article / Letter to editor
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Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde
SubjectUMCN 5.5: Nutrition and Health
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical, genetic, and biochemical characteristics of short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (SCADD), a clinically heterogeneous metabolic disorder for which neonates are screened for in parts of the United States and Australia. To explore the genotype-phenotype relation and to discuss neonatal screening for SCADD. DESIGN: Retrospective study of 31 Dutch SCADD patients and 8 SCADD relatives. METHOD: Patients and relatives were included ifbiochemical SCADD characteristics (increased C4-carnitine and/or ethylmalonic acid) were present in combination with a mutation and/or the c.511C>T or c.625G>A variant on each SCAD-encoding (ACADS) allele. The patients were subdivided into 3 genotype groups: mutation/mutation, mutation/variant and variant/variant group. RESULTS: A birth prevalence for SCADD of at least 1:50,000 was calculated. Most patients presented before the age of 3 years, mainly with developmental delay, epilepsy, behavioural disturbances and/or hypoglycaemia. The ACADS genotype showed a statistically significant association with biochemical, but not with clinical characteristics. In total 7 out of 8 SCADD relatives were free of symptoms. In 5 of the 31 patients, of whom 2 had severe symptoms, a second diagnosis was made which might explain the symptoms. CONCLUSION: SCADD was far more common than had previously been assumed and clinical symptoms in SCADD were non-specific, often transient or absent and not correlated with specific ACADS genotypes. SCADD does not meet major neonatal screening criteria and is therefore not suited for inclusion in neonatal screening programmes.
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