Mandibular reconstruction in adults: a review.
SourceInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 37, 7, (2008), pp. 597-605
Article / Letter to editor
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Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
SubjectEBP 2: Effective Hospital Care; UMCN 1.1: Functional Imaging
Mandibular defects may result from trauma, inflammatory disease and benign or malignant tumours. Mastication, speech and facial aesthetics are often severely compromised without reconstruction. The goal of mandibular reconstruction is to restore facial form and function, implying repair of mandibular continuity and muscle attachments. There should also be room for implant insertion so as to allow for rehabilitation of occlusion and articulation, whereas the function of the inferior alveolar nerve should be restored to assure adequate sensitivity of the lips. Mandibular reconstruction principles and techniques have evolved dramatically over the years. Refinements in techniques continue to improve patient quality of life. This paper reviews current techniques of mandibular reconstruction in adults and discusses the strengths and weaknesses of each.
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