Perceived discrimination and acculturation among Iranian refugees in the Netherlands
until further notice
Number of pages
SourceInternational Journal of Intercultural Relations, 32, 6, (2008), pp. 578-588
Article / Letter to editor
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Nederlandse Taal en Cultuur
International Journal of Intercultural Relations
SubjectCommunicative Competences; Relational Enterprise
The relations between perceived discrimination, perceived acceptance of immigrants, acculturation orientations, and acculturation outcomes (psychological and sociocultural adjustment) were investigated in a sample of 232 Iranian refugees in the Netherlands. A good fit was found for a path model with perceived discrimination and perceived acceptance as correlated antecedent variables, acculturation orientations as intervening conditions, and measures of psychological and sociocultural adjustment as outcome variables. Perceived discrimination was the most salient variable in the model and showed significant associations with all outcome measures. Acculturation orientations (partially) mediated the relations between antecedent variables and outcomes. Gender differences were found. Women reported significantly less discrimination, more positive and fewer negative acculturation outcomes than did men. It is concluded that despite the high levels of sociocultural adjustment of Iranian refugees in the Netherlands, perceived discrimination plays an essential role in their acculturation.
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