Role of grammatical gender and semantics in German word production
until further notice
Number of pages
SourceJournal of Experimental Psychology : Learning, Memory and Cognition, 30, 2, (2004), pp. 483-497
Article / Letter to editor
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PI Group Neurobiology of Language
SW OZ DCC CO
F.C. Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging
SW OZ NICI CO
Journal of Experimental Psychology : Learning, Memory and Cognition
Subject210 000 Language & Multilingualism; Psycholinguistics; 210 000 Language & Multilingualism
Semantic substitution errors (e.g., saying "arm" when "leg" is intended) are among the most common types of errors occurring during spontaneous speech. It has been shown that grammatical gender of German target nouns is preserved in the errors ( E. Marx, 1999). In 3 experiments, the authors explored different accounts of the grammatical gender preservation effect in German. In all experiments, semantic substitution errors were induced using a continuous naming paradigm. In Experiment 1, it was found that gender preservation disappeared when speakers produced bare nouns. Gender preservation was found when speakers produced phrases with determiners marked for gender (Experiment 2) but not when the produced determiners were not marked for gender (Experiment 3). These results are discussed in the context of models of lexical retrieval during production.
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