Cortical and limbic excitability in rats with absence epilepsy
until further notice
SourceEpilepsy Research, 62, 2-3, (2004), pp. 189-198
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ DCC SMN
SW OZ NICI BI
The classical cortico-reticular theory on absence epilepsy suggests that a hyperexcitable cortex is a precondition for the occurrence of absence seizures. In the present experiment seizure thresholds and characteristics of cortical and limbic epileptic afterdischarges (AD) were determined in a comparative cortical stimulation study in young and old adult genetically epileptic WAG/Rij, congenic ACI and Wistar rats. Fifteen-second series of 8 Hz stimulation of the sensory-motor cortex were applied in 80- and 180-day-old rats with implanted electrodes. Strain differences were found for the threshold for movements directly induced by stimulation, low frequency spike-and-wave AD, maximal clonic intensity of seizures accompanying direct stimulation, and frequency characteristics of low frequency AD. None of these results agreed with a higher cortical excitability exclusively in WAG/Rij rats. However, WAG/Rij rats had the longest duration of the low frequency AD, and the lowest threshold for the transition to the limbic type of AD. The decrease of this threshold correlated with the increase of the incidence and total duration of spontaneous SWDs in WAG/Rij rats.
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