A multigroup analysis of the job demands-resources model in four home care organizations
SourceInternational Journal of Stress Management, 10, 1, (2003), pp. 16-38
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI AO
International Journal of Stress Management
SubjectWork, Health and Performance
The job demands-resources (JD-R) model was tested in a study among 3,092 employees working in 1 of 4 different home care organizations. The central assumption in the model is that burnout develops when certain job demands are high and when job resources are limited because such negative working conditions lead to energy depletion and undermine worker motivation and learning opportunities, respectively. A series of multigroup structural equation modeling analyses provide strong evidence for the JD-R model. Specifically, results showed that job demands are primarily and positively related to the exhaustion component of burnout, whereas job resources are primarily related to cynicism (negatively) and professional efficacy (positively). The theoretical and practical implications of the JD-R model are discussed.
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