Lateralization of Auditory rhythm length in temporal lobe lessions
SourceBrain and Cognition, 49, 1, (2002), pp. 114-122
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ DCC SMN
SW OZ NICI CO
Brain and Cognition
In the visual modality, short rhythmic stimuli ha c been proven to he better processed (sequentially) by the left hemisphere, while longer rhythms appear to he better (holistically) processed by the right hemisphere. This study was set up to see it the same holds in the auditory modality. The rhythm task as originally designed by Seashore as computerized and is part of the Fepsy Neuropsychological battery. This task was performed by 85 patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (left TLE = 31 right TLE = 53) enrolled in the Dutch Collaborative Epilepsy Surgery Program. They performed the task before and 6 months after surgery. The task consists of 30 pairs of rhythmic patterns in 3 Series of 10 items. The series contains patterns of 5, 6, or 7 notes. The purpose is to indicate whether the two Patterns are the same or different. Reaction times are also measured. If the hypothesis is true, the short-item sequence will be better processed by patients,kith right temporal lobe epilepsy (nonimpaired left temporal lobe). the longer sequence skill be better processed by the left temporal epilepsy group (nonimpaired right temporal lobe). No overall laterality effect on rhythm perception could be found and no difference was found bet keen both test moments. IQ did not correlate with rhythm performance. However, there was an interaction effect of laterality and rhythm length on performance and reaction time. This effect can be explained by the increase after the operation of the score of the left focus group and a decrease in the right focus group on the longer rhythms. This effect was somewhat less Strong in the reaction times: a clear tendency for faster reaction times after surgery in the left and longer reaction times in the right focus group. The effect could not be explained for by the difference in extent of resection in either temporal lobe. This study showed that memory for and discrimination of auditory rhythm is dependent on which hemisphere is used in processing. The effect could he demonstrated for the right hemisphere, which uses a holistic processing of stimuli, which outperforms the left in rhythms consisting of a long sequence. In left temporal resections an improvement occurs on the longer rhythms and in right temporal resections the performance on the longest rhythms decreases.
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