Tyrosine-induced release of dopamine is under inhibitory control of presynaptic dopamine D2 and, probably, D3 receptors in the dorsal striatum, but not in the nucleus accumbens
SourceEuropean Journal of Pharmacology, 448, 2-3, (2002), pp. 143-150
Article / Letter to editor
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European Journal of Pharmacology
Stimulation of dopamine D2-like receptors decreases extracellular dopamine in the dorsal striatum and the nucleus accumbens. It is unknown whether the role of these receptors differs from that of dopamine D3 receptors. It is also unknown to what extent the role of these two types of receptors varies across both structures. Using microdialysis, we therefore investigated whether intracerebrally administered quinpirole, a dopamine D2-like receptor agonist, and PD 128907, (S(+)−(4aR,10bR)−3,4,4a,10b−tetrahydro−4−propyl−2H,5H−−benzopyrano[4,3−b]−1,4−oxazin−9−ol, a dopamine D3 receptor preferring agonist, differentially alter the tyrosine-induced increase of extracellular dopamine in the dorsal striatum and the nucleus accumbens, respectively. Perfusion of tyrosine (100 μM) into the dorsal striatum and the nucleus accumbens enhanced extracellular dopamine in a physiological manner in both areas. Infusion of the Na+ channel blocker tetrodotoxin (2 μM) suppressed the enhanced level of dopamine derived from exogenous tyrosine in both brain areas. Infusion of the dopamine D2-like receptor agonist quinpirole at a concentration (1 nM), which alone did not affect basal extracellular dopamine, reduced tyrosine-enhanced extracellular dopamine when infused into the dorsal striatum, but not into the nucleus accumbens; the preferential dopamine D3 receptor agonist, PD 128907, had similar effects. Haloperidol, a dopamine D2-like receptor antagonist, given systemically at a dose, which alone did not significantly affect basal dopamine levels (10 nmol/kg i.p.), enhanced extracellular dopamine derived from exogenous tyrosine. This haloperidol treatment antagonized only the quinpirole-induced, but not the PD 128907-induced reduction in dopamine levels seen in tyrosine-treated rats. The results show that extracellular dopamine derived from exogenous tyrosine is under inhibitory control of presynaptic dopamine D2-like receptors in the dorsal striatum, but not in the nucleus accumbens; to what extent the same holds for dopamine D3 receptors remains to be proven. Future studies are required to elucidate whether the noted difference is absolute or not.
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