Five years of aftercare of implant-retained mandibular overdentures and conventional dentures.
SourceJournal of Oral Rehabilitation, 29, 2, (2002), pp. 113-120
Article / Letter to editor
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Oral Function and Prosthetic Dentistry
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
SubjectAdhesive dentistry; Growth and development of the orofacial region; Adhesieve tandheelkunde; Groei en ontwikkeling van het orofaciale gebied
The purpose of this multicentre randomized clinical trial was to analyse surgical and prosthetic aftercare and clinical implant performance of edentulous patients with implant-retained mandibular overdentures and of patients with conventional dentures, either or not after pre-prosthetic vestibuloplasty and deepening of the floor of the mouth. The evaluation period was 5 years. The implant systems evaluated were the IMZ implant system, the Branemark implant system and the Transmandibular Implant system. The centre in Groningen had five groups (n=149) and the centre in Nijmegen had three groups (n=86). The evaluation comprised of surgical and prosthetic aftercare, together with clinical implant performance (CIP). The highest implant loss (29%) is found in the Transmandibular Implant group. All groups had prosthetic revisions and complications according to the CIP-scale. The majority of the patients in the endosseous implant groups were subject to minor complications. The CIP-score of the Transmandibular Implant group is significantly higher than the scores of the other groups, because of the high number of lost posts. In 26;1% of the patients in this group score 4 is given, which means failure of the implant system. From this study it can be concluded that the endosseous implant systems used in this study have less surgical aftercare and a better clinical implant performance than the Transmandibular Implant system and are therefore the systems of choice for the edentulous mandible.
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