A short-term in vitro gill culture system to study the effects of toxic (copper) and non-toxic (cortisol) stressors on the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum)
until further notice
SourceToxicology in Vitro, 18, 5, (2004), pp. 691-701
Article / Letter to editor
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Organismal Animal Physiology
Animal Ecology & Ecophysiology
Toxicology in Vitro
SubjectAnimal Ecology and Eco Physiology; Organismal Animal Physiology
A short-term (24 h) method of gill filament culture system was developed to predict the effects of environmental contamination and stress in fish. Gill culture system containing two or three rainbow trout gill filaments in sterile glutamine supplemented Leibovitz 4 5 (L-15) media was submitted for 24 h to six different treatments: (i) CONT (control, medium only); (ii) CORT (cortisol, 0.28 muM cortisol); (iii) BLOCK (glucocorticoid receptor blocker, 14 muM RU 486); (iv) CORT + BLOCK (cortisol and blocker, 0.28 muM cortisol + 14 muM RU 486); (v) CORT + CU (cortisol and copper, 100 muM CuSO4 + 0.28 muM cortisol); (vi) CU (copper, 100 muM CuSO4). After 24 h, the overall gill structure and cellular components resembled those of salmonids in vivo. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity in the culture media increased in the CORT + CU and CU groups but was significantly lower in the CORT + CU compared to CU group. Apoptotic cells increased in the CORT and CORT + BLOCK. The numbers of glucocorticoid (GR) receptor-positive cells were lower in the CU group. This short-term culture system seems to be suitable for studying the effects of both external and internal stress effectors (toxicants and hormones respectively), as it contains all cell types found in the gills and the cells give similar biological response as in vivo. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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