Transforming growth factor-beta3-loaded microtextured membranes for skin regeneration in dermal wounds.
SourceJournal of Biomedical Materials Research, 70A, 3, (2004), pp. 402-411
Article / Letter to editor
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Periodontology and Biomaterials
Orthodontics and Oral Biology
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research
SubjectUMCN 4.3: Tissue engineering and reconstructive surgery
Adverse effects of wound healing, such as excessive scar tissue formation, wound contraction, or nonhealing wounds represent a major clinical issue in today's healthcare. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta3 has specifically been implicated in wound healing. Our hypothesis was that local administration of TGF-beta3 to excisional dermal wounds would diminish wound contraction and scar formation. Microtextured wound covers, containing different concentrations of TGF-beta3, were placed onto full-thickness excisional skin wounds in guinea pigs. Tattooed reference marks were used to quantify wound contraction. Sixty-four male guinea pigs in four study groups (5 ng TGF-beta3, 50 ng TGF-beta3, no growth factor, sham wound) were followed for up to 6 weeks. We analyzed 19 different parameters of wound healing. Results showed that, in some instances, the 50-ng TGF-beta3 group gave less contraction, whereas the 5-ng TGF-beta3 group gave more contraction. These differences confirm that TGF-beta3 has an optimum working concentration, and suggest this concentration to be closer to 50 ng than to 5 ng TGF-beta3. However, only very few significant differences occurred, and thus we conclude that the clinical relevance of our findings is negligible. Earlier studies, reporting clinically improved wound healing by TGF-beta3, could therefore not be confirmed by this study.
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