Utility of Aspergillus antigen detection in specimens other than serum specimens.
SourceClinical Infectious Diseases, 39, 10, (2004), pp. 1467-1474
Article / Letter to editor
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
SubjectUMCN 4.1: Microbial pathogenesis and host defense
The detection of circulating galactomannan in serum is an important tool for the early diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis. A commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Platelia Aspergillus; BioRad) was shown to be both highly sensitive and specific for detection of galactomannan in serum samples. Despite the fact that this assay is validated for serum samples, specimens of other body fluids are increasingly used for detection of galactomannan, including urine, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and cerebrospinal fluid. Review of the literature shows that galactomannan can be detected in each of these samples from patients with invasive aspergillosis with higher sensitivity than is the case with culture, as well as early in the course of infection. However, the evidence thus far is based on case reports--predominantly retrospective studies--that often include heterogeneous patient populations and limited numbers of cases of proven infection. Clearly, well-designed prospective studies with systematic sampling and use of consensus case definitions are needed to compare the performance of antigen detection in samples other than serum specimens with that in serum specimens.
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