Effectiveness of opportunistic brief interventions for problem drinking in a general hospital setting: systematic review.
SourceBmj. British Medical Journal (International Ed.), 328, 7435, (2004), pp. 318
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI KLP
Bmj. British Medical Journal (International Ed.)
SubjectEBP 1: Determinants of Health and Disease; EBP 3: Effective Primary Care and Public Health; EBP 4: Quality of Care; UMCN 4.1: Microbial pathogenesis and host defense
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of opportunistic brief interventions for problem drinking in a general hospital setting. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Medline, PsychInfo, Cochrane Library, reference lists from identified studies and review articles, and contact with experts. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Change in alcohol consumption. RESULTS: Eight studies were retrieved. Most had methodological weaknesses. Only one study, with a relatively intensive intervention and a short follow up period, showed a significantly large reduction in alcohol consumption in the intervention group. CONCLUSIONS: Evidence for the effectiveness of opportunistic brief interventions in a general hospital setting for problem drinkers is still inconclusive.
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