Evidence for a dysfunctional retrosplenial cortex in patients with schizophrenia: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study with a semantic-perceptual contrast.
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SourceNeuroscience Letters, 369, 1, (2004), pp. 4-8
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectEBP 1: Determinants in Health and Disease; UMCN 3.2: Cognitive neurosciences
We investigated whether the retrosplenial and the posterior cingulate cortex (RS-PCC) is functionally impaired in schizophrenia patients. Therefore, we measured functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) signal changes associated with a synonym-judgment task known to activate, among other areas, the RS-PCC. Compared to 12 matched control subjects, 12 schizophrenia patients exhibited reliably weaker activations in the RS-PCC, the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the left orbitofrontal cortex (P < 0.05, corrected). Differences in frontal activations are in line with previous studies showing a structurally and functionally affected prefrontal cortex in schizophrenia. The impaired RS-PCC functionality in a semantic task may relate to verbal memory deficits frequently observed in schizophrenia patients, because this region is pivotal for gating information into the medial temporal lobe memory system.
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