Genome-wide array-based comparative genomic hybridization reveals multiple amplification targets and novel homozygous deletions in pancreatic carcinoma cell lines.
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SourceCancer Research, 64, 9, (2004), pp. 3052-3059
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectUMCN 1.2: Molecular diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring
Pancreatic carcinomas display highly complex chromosomal abnormalities, including many structural and numerical aberrations. There is ample evidence indicating that some of these abnormalities, such as recurrent amplifications and homozygous deletions, contribute to tumorigenesis by altering expression levels of critical oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. To increase the understanding of gene copy number changes in pancreatic carcinomas and to identify key amplification/deletion targets, we applied genome-wide array-based comparative genomic hybridization to 31 pancreatic carcinoma cell lines. Two different microarrays were used, one containing 3,565 fluorescence in situ hybridization-verified bacterial artificial chromosome clones and one containing 25,468 cDNA clones representing 17,494 UniGene clusters. Overall, the analyses revealed a high genomic complexity, with several copy number changes detected in each case. Specifically, 60 amplicons at 32 different locations were identified, most frequently located within 8q (8 cases), 12p (7 cases), 7q (5 cases), 18q (5 cases), 19q (5 cases), 6p (4 cases), and 8p (4 cases). Amplifications of 8q and 12p were mainly clustered at 8q23-24 and 12p11-12, respectively, whereas amplifications on other chromosome arms were more dispersed. Furthermore, our analyses identified several novel homozygously deleted segments located to 9p24, 9p21, 9q32, 10p12, 10q22, 12q24, and 18q23. The individual complexity and aberration patterns varied substantially among cases, i.e., some cell lines were characterized mainly by high-level amplifications, whereas others showed primarily whole-arm imbalances and homozygous deletions. The described amplification and deletion targets are likely to contain genes important in pancreatic tumorigenesis.
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