Purine and pyrimidine metabolism and electrocortical brain activity during hypoxemia in near-term lambs.
until further notice
SourcePediatric Research, 55, 6, (2004), pp. 1018-1025
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
Paediatrics - OUD tm 2017
SubjectUMCN 2.1: Heart, lung and circulation
Insufficient cerebral O(2) supply leads to brain cell damage and loss of brain cell function. The relationship between the severity of hypoxemic brain cell damage and the loss of electrocortical brain activity (ECBA), as measure of brain cell function, is not yet fully elucidated in near-term newborns. We hypothesized that there is a strong relationship between cerebral purine and pyrimidine metabolism, as measures of brain cell damage, and brain cell function during hypoxemia. Nine near-term lambs (term, 147 d) were delivered at 131 (range, 120-141) d of gestation. After a stabilization period, prolonged hypoxemia (fraction of inspired oxygen, 0.10; duration, 2.5 h) was induced. Mean values of carotid artery blood flow, as a measure of cerebral blood flow, and ECBA were calculated over the last 3 min of hypoxemia. At the end of the hypoxemic period, cerebral arterial and venous blood gases were determined and CSF was obtained. CSF from 11 normoxemic siblings was used for baseline values. HPLC was used to determine purine and pyrimidine metabolites in CSF, as measures of brain cell damage. Concentrations of purine and pyrimidine metabolites were significantly higher in hypoxemic lambs than in their siblings, whereas ECBA was lower in hypoxemic lambs. Significant negative linear relationships were found between purine and pyrimidine metabolite concentrations and, respectively, cerebral O(2) supply, cerebral O(2) consumption, and ECBA. We conclude that brain cell function is related to concentrations of purine and pyrimidine metabolites in the CSF. Reduction of ECBA indeed reflects the measure of brain damage due to hypoxemia in near-term newborn lambs.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) tolog in with SURFconextto upload a file for processing by the repository team.