Solid-state NMR analysis of ligand--receptor interactions reveals an induced misfit in the binding site of isorhodopsin.
until further notice
SourceBiochemistry, 43, 51, (2004), pp. 16011-16018
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectUMCN 5.3: Cellular energy metabolism
Rhodopsin is the photosensitive protein of the rod photoreceptor in the vertebrate retina and is a paradigm for the superfamily of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Natural rhodopsin contains an 11-cis-retinylidene chromophore. We have prepared the 9-cis analogue isorhodopsin in a natural membrane environment using uniformly (13)C-enriched 9-cis retinal. Subsequently, we have determined the complete (1)H and (13)C assignments with ultra-high field solid-state magic angle spinning NMR. The 9-cis substrate conforms to the opsin binding pocket in isorhodopsin in a manner very similar to that of the 11-cis form in rhodopsin, but the NMR data reveal an improper fit of the 9-cis chromophore in this binding site. We introduce the term "induced misfit" to describe this event. Downfield proton NMR ligation shifts (Deltasigma(lig)(H) > 1 ppm) are observed for the 16,17,19-H and nearby protons of the ionone ring and for the 9-methyl protons. They provide converging evidence for global, nonspecific steric interactions between the chromophore and protein, and contrast with the specific interactions over the entire ionone ring and its substituents detected for rhodopsin. The Deltasigma(lig)(C) pattern of the polyene chain confirms the positive charge delocalization in the polyene associated with the protonation of the Schiff base nitrogen. In line with the misalignment of the ionone ring, an additional and anomalous perturbation of the (13)C response is detected in the region of the 9-cis bond. This provides evidence for strain in the isomerization region of the polyene and supports the hypothesis that perturbation of the conjugation around the cis bond induced by the protein environment assists the selective photoisomerization.
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