Signal-to-noise ratios of the auditory steady-state response from fifty-five EEG derivations in adults.
SourceJournal of the American Academy of Audiology, 15, 10, (2004), pp. 692-701
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
SubjectUMCN 3.3: Neurosensory disorders
The Auditory Steady-State Response (ASSR) was recorded in 20 awake adults with normal hearing on ten EEG channels simultaneously to find derivations with the best signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs). Stimuli were 20% frequency modulated tones of 0.5 and 2 kHz at 20 dB SL, 100% amplitude modulated at 90 or 94 Hz, and presented one at a time to one ear. ASSR recordings using a set of at least three channels improved SNRs significantly by an average of between 6% (500 Hz right ear) to 118% (2 kHz right ear) above the SNRs from the conventional channels. Assuming that the recording time was proportional to 1/(SNR)2, this translates into a recording time of 89% (500 Hz right ear) to 21% (2 kHz right ear) of that for conventional single-channel recording. The three channels comprised the electrode positions inion, right mastoid, and left mastoid. All three electrode positions were referenced to Cz. Adding a fourth channel (Pz-Cz) increases the number of participants with significant responses from the 500 Hz right ear stimulus from 13 to 17. Electrode position F4 and other commonly used positions such as the forehead and right earlobe made significantly less contribution to test efficiency.
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