Survival of the fittest?--survival of stored red blood cells after transfusion.
SourceCellular and Molecular Biology, Including Cyto-Enzymology, 50, 2, (2004), pp. 197-203
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Cellular and Molecular Biology, Including Cyto-Enzymology
SubjectUMCN 5.3: Cellular energy metabolism
During the last 90 years many developments have taken place in the world of blood transfusion. Several anticoagulants and storage solutions have been developed. Also the blood processing has undergone many changes. At the moment, in The Netherlands, red blood cell (RBC) concentrates (prepared from a whole blood donation and leukocyte-depleted by filtration) are stored for a maximum of 35 days at 4 degrees C in saline adenine glucose mannitol (SAGM). Most relevant studies show that approximately 20% of the RBCs is lost in the first 24 hr after transfusion. Even more remarkable is that the average life span is 94 days after a storage period of 42-49 days. Such observations create the need for a parameter to measure the biological age of RBCs as a possible predictor of the fate of RBCs after transfusion. The binding of IgG to RBCs can lead to recognition and subsequent phagocytosis by macrophages. This occurs during the final stages of the RBC life span in vivo. We determined the quantity of cell-bound IgG during storage, and found considerable variation between RBCs, but no significant storage-related change in the quantity of cell-bound IgG. The significance of this finding for predicting the survival of transfused RBCs in vivo remains to be established. Hereto we developed a flow cytometric determination with a sensitivity of 0.1% for the measurement of survival in vivo based on antigenic differences. This technique has various advantages compared with the 'classical' 51Cr survival method.
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