Acetabular reconstruction with impaction bone-grafting and a cemented cup in patients younger than fifty years old.
SourceJournal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume, 86-A, 11, (2004), pp. 2385-92
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
SubjectUMCN 4.3: Tissue engineering and reconstructive surgery
BACKGROUND: Acetabular bone deficiency can present a challenge during total hip arthroplasty, especially in young patients. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of primary and revision acetabular reconstruction with use of an impaction bone-grafting technique and a cemented polyethylene cup in young patients who had preexisting acetabular bone deficiency. METHODS: Forty-two consecutive acetabular reconstructions were performed in thirty-seven patients who were younger than fifty years old (average, 37.2 years old). The impaction bone-grafting technique was used for twenty-three primary and nineteen revision acetabular reconstructions. Twenty-eight patients (thirty-one hips) were available for review after a minimum duration of follow-up of fifteen years. Clinical and radiographic results were assessed, and survivorship analysis was performed with the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: Eight hips were revised at a mean of twelve years (range, three to twenty-one years) after a primary reconstruction (four hips) or revision reconstruction (four hips). The revision was performed because of aseptic loosening of the acetabular component in four hips and because of culture-proven septic loosening in two. Two additional cups (both in hips that had had a revision reconstruction) were revised, during revision of the femoral stem, because of wear (one hip) or because of persistent intraoperative instability (one hip). Twenty-eight hips (in twenty-five patients) had retention of the acetabular component for a minimum of fifteen years. The mean Harris hip score for that group was 89 points. Twenty-six of these twenty-eight hips had no or slight pain. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed a twenty-year survival rate of 80% (95% confidence interval, 67% to 94%) with acetabular revision for any reason as the end point and of 91% (95% confidence interval, 80% to 100%) with acetabular revision because of aseptic loosening as the end point. CONCLUSIONS: Acetabular reconstruction with use of impaction bone-grafting and a cemented polyethylene cup is a reliable and durable technique that is associated with good long-term results in young patients with acetabular bone-stock defects.
This item appears in the following Collection(s)
- Academic publications 
- Electronic publications 
- Faculty of Medical Sciences 
- Open Access publications 
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.