The effect of infant orthopedics on the occlusion of the deciduous dentition in children with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (Dutchcleft).
until further notice
SourceCleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, 41, 6, (2004), pp. 633-41
Article / Letter to editor
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Orthodontics and Oral Biology
Preventative Restorative Dentistry
Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal
SubjectUMCN 4.3: Tissue engineering and reconstructive surgery
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the effect of infant orthopedics (IO) on the occlusion of the deciduous dentition in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). DESIGN: Prospective, two-arm, randomized, controlled clinical trial with three participating cleft palate centers (Dutchcleft). SETTING: Cleft Palate Centers of the University Medical Center Nijmegen, Academic Center of Dentistry Amsterdam, and Dijkzigt University Hospital Rotterdam, The Netherlands. PATIENTS: Children with complete UCLP (n = 54) were included. INTERVENTIONS: In a concealed allocation procedure, half of the patients was randomized to wear a plate till surgical closure of the soft palate (IO+), and the other half (IO-) did not have a plate. MEAN OUTCOME MEASURES: Dental arch relationships were assessed at 4 and 6 years of age with the 5-year-old index; the Huddart-score; and measurements of overjet, overbite, and sagittal occlusion. RESULTS: There were no significant differences found between the IO+ and IO- groups for the 5-year-old index; the Huddart-score; and overjet, overbite, and sagittal occlusion. CONCLUSIONS: IO had no observable effect on the occlusion in the deciduous dentition at 4 and 6 years of age. Considering the occlusion only, there is no need to perform IO in children with UCLP.
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