Creatine protects against 3-nitropropionic acid-induced cell death in murine corticostriatal slice cultures.
until further notice
SourceBrain Research, 1024, 1-2, (2004), pp. 16-24
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
SubjectUMCN 1.3: Tumor microenvironment; UMCN 3.2: Cognitive neurosciences; UMCN 5.1: Genetic defects of metabolism
In murine corticostriatal slice cultures, we studied the protective effects of the bioenergetic compound creatine on neuronal cell death induced by the mitochondrial toxin 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP). 3-NP caused a dose-dependent neuronal degeneration accompanied by an increased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity in the cell culture medium. An increased ratio of lactate to pyruvate concentration in the medium suggested that metabolic activity shifted to anaerobic energy metabolism. These effects were predominantly observed in the 24-h recovery period after 3-NP exposure. Creatine protected against 3-NP neurotoxicity: LDH activity was reduced and aerobic respiration of pyruvate was stimulated, which resulted in lower lactate levels and less cell death. In both striatum and cortex, apoptosis in 3-NP-exposed slices was demonstrated by increased activation of the pro-apoptotic protein caspase-3 and by numerous cells exhibiting DNA fragmentation detected by the terminal transferase-mediated biotinylated-UTP nick end-labeling (TUNEL) technique. Creatine administration to the 3-NP-exposed corticostriatal slices resulted in a reduced number of TUNEL-positive cells in the recovery period. However, in the striatum, an unexpected increase of both TUNEL-positive cells and caspase-3-immunostained cells was observed in the exposure phase in the presence of creatine. In the recovery phase, caspase-3-immunostaining decreased to basal levels in both striatum and cortex. These findings suggest that 3-NP-induced neuronal degeneration in corticostriatal slices results from apoptosis that in the cortex can be prevented by creatine, while in the more vulnerable striatal cells it may lead to an accelerated and increased execution of apoptotic cell death, preventing further necrosis-related damage in this region.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) tolog in with SURFconextto upload a file for processing by the repository team.