Modulation of adhesion molecule expression on endothelial cells after induction by lipopolysaccharide-stimulated whole blood.
until further notice
SourceScandinavian Journal of Immunology, 59, 5, (2004), pp. 440-448
Article / Letter to editor
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Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
SubjectUMCN 4.1: Microbial pathogenesis and host defense
The relative contribution of the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-1 beta and the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced pathways that result in endothelial activation during sepsis are not fully understood. We have examined the effects of plasma obtained from LPS-treated human whole blood on the expression of E-selectin and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) on human endothelial cells. Stimulation of blood with 10 pg/ml of LPS is sufficient to produce plasma that induces E-selectin and ICAM-1 expression, while direct induction by LPS alone requires a 100-fold higher concentration. Characteristics for the plasma-induced adhesion molecule expression were similar to the LPS-induced production of TNF-alpha and IL-1 beta in blood. A complete inhibition of E-selectin and ICAM-1 expression was observed when antibodies against TNF-alpha and IL-1 beta were added to plasma prior to the incubation to endothelial cultures. Significant inhibition was even observed if antibodies were added to the cultures up until 3 h after LPS-conditioned plasma. The plasma-induced adhesion molecule response could also be prevented with inhibitors of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB, such as pyrollidine dithiocarbamate. These findings emphasize the central role of TNF-alpha and IL-1 beta in LPS-induced endothelial activation and suggest that simultaneous neutralization of these cytokines or their common pathways may, even after the initial stimulus, prevent endothelial response during sepsis.
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