until further notice
SourceTransplantation, 78, 10, (2004), pp. 1429-38
Article / Letter to editor
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Blood Transfusion and Transplantation Immunology
SubjectUMCN 1.4: Immunotherapy, gene therapy and transplantation
Clinical trials designed to achieve tolerance in humans by selectively antagonizing one of the T-cell costimulatory pathways, CD40-CD40L or CD80/CD86-CD28, are pending. However, simultaneous blockade of both pathways synergistically prevented graft rejection and successfully induced donor-specific tolerance in animal models. Synergism is also supported in human T-cells in vitro following anti-CD86 mAb and anti-CD40 mAb blockade. Therefore, in our view the most promising clinical strategy would be to antagonize both CD40 and CD86. Fast clinical entrance of this anti-CD86 and anti-CD40 bidirectional concept is highly facilitated by a single molecule approach. In the present study, a single bispecific fusion protein was constructed that specifically binds human CD40 and CD86 and which combines the antagonistic activities of both anti-CD40 and anti-CD86 humanized mAb. The anti-CD40/86 fusion protein showed tolerance inducing potential as it prevented both allogeneic T-cell expansion and generation of cytotoxic effector T cells and induced anergic antigen specific regulatory T cells. These data provide proof of concept in successfully combining the antagonistic activity of two humanized mAb with great clinical potential in transplantation and autoimmunity, in one single molecule.
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