A Comparison of attentional biases and memory biases in social phobia and major depression
SourceJournal of Abnormal Psychology, 114, 1, (2005), pp. 62-74
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
SW OZ BSI KLP
Journal of Abnormal Psychology
SubjectExperimental Psychopathology and Treatment
Cognitive processes play an important role in the etiology and maintenance of anxiety and depression. Current theories differ, however, in their predictions regarding the occurrence of attentional biases and memory biases in depression and anxiety. To allow for a systematic comparison of disorders and cognitive processes, 117 women (35 with generalized social phobia, 27 with major depression, and 55 healthy controls) participated in a test of visual attention (visual search), an explicit memory test (free recall), and an implicit memory test (anagram solving). Both clinical groups exhibited attentional biases for disorder-related words, whereas only depressed participants showed clear evidence of explicit and implicit memory biases. The implications of these results for competing theories are discussed.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.