The recovery experience questionnaire: Development and validation of a measure assessing recuperation and unwinding at work
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SourceJournal of Occupational Health Psychology, 12, 3, (2007), pp. 204-221
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI AO
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
SubjectWork, Health and Performance
Drawing on the mood regulation and job-stress recovery literature, four self-report measures for assessing how individuals unwind and recuperate from work during leisure time were developed (Study 1). Confirmatory factor analyses with a calibration and a cross-validation sample (total N = 930) showed that four recovery experiences can be differentiated: psychological detachment from work, relaxation, mastery, and control (Study 2). Examination of the nomological net in a subsample of Study 2 (N = 271) revealed moderate relations of the recovery experiences with measures of job stressors and psychological well-being; relations with coping and personality variables were generally low (Study 3). Potential applications for the future use of these short 4-item measures in longitudinal and diary research are discussed.
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