Neither restraint nor tendency toward overeating predict food consumption after tension induction
SourceEating and Weight Disorders, 12, 3, (2007), pp. e58-e63
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI KLP
Eating and Weight Disorders
SubjectDynamics of gender; Experimental Psychopathology and Treatment
The present study investigates whether the so-called disinhibition effect is better accounted for by tendency toward overeating than by restraint. The rationale was that in mood-induction studies, so far, the disinhibition effect has only been found in studies that applied the Restraint Scale and hardly ever in studies that used other restraint scales. Tension was induced by the public-speaking method in half of 86 female college students before they participated in an alleged taste test. The Restraint Scale (RS), the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) and the Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (DEBQ) were used to measure restraint and tendency toward overeating. No differences were found between the tension and the control condition as to the amounts of food the participants ate. Also no proof of the disinhibition effect was obtained and, remarkably, tendency toward overeating did not predict the amount of food eaten. Possible explanations for these results are offered in the discussion. (Eating Weight Disord. 12: e58-e63, 2007).
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