Stereotypy in schizophrenia
until further notice
Number of pages
SourceSchizophrenia Research, 84, 2/3, (2006), pp. 397-404
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
SW OZ DCC CO
SW OZ NICI CO
SubjectAction, intention, and motor control
Objectives In schizophrenia, stereotypy is observed, a symptom characterized by repetitive, functionless motor behaviour. Whereas cognitive dysfunctioning is known to remain stable throughout the illness, less is known about the course of the motor symptoms. The Zeigeversuch [Mittenecker, E., 1953. Perseveration und Persönlichkeit: 1. Teil: experimentelle Untersuchungen. Z. Exp. Angew. Psychol. 1, 5–31], which entails the generation of a random sequence of button presses, was claimed to capture stereotypy. We used a newly designed computerized version of the Zeigeversuch, the Stereotypy Test Apparatus (STA) to evaluate the evolution of STA performance through the course of the illness. Methods To assess stereotyped and perseverative behaviour, 58 schizophrenic inpatients and 48 healthy controls performed the STA and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), respectively, as well as several other traditional neuropsychological tests and the Symbol Digit Substitution Test (SDST) on a writing digitizer. Results The STA correlated only weakly with the WCST and SDST measures but not with the cognitive or motor slowing on the SDST, nor with the other cognitive measures. Stereotyped and perseverative idiosyncrasies both seem to increase in the course of the illness, in contrast with other cognitive dysfunctions. However, whereas perseveration is already present in the early stages of the illness, stereotyped behaviour only manifests itself in the later stages of schizophrenia. Failure of cognitive inhibition may result in an activation of prepotent stereotyped responses captured by the STA.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.