Cognitive and linguistic constraints on phoneme isolation in Dutch kindergartners
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SourceLearning and Instruction, 18, 4, (2008), pp. 391-403
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI OLO
Learning and Instruction
SubjectLearning and Plasticity
Trained 64 preschoolers (4 yrs 4 mo to 5 yrs 7 mo of age) to recognize isolated phonemes in word context. A forced-choice matching-to-sample procedure was used in a learning set design in which the following factors were varied: (a) position of phoneme, (b) contrast between words, (c) type of phoneme, (d) redundant visual cue, and (e) allophonic variation. Performance improved significantly over 4 days of training. There were a number of significant main effects and interactions as a function of task factors. The redundant visual cue greatly improved performance during training but produced no significant transfer. Allophonic variation had no significant effect on performance.
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