Fostering adaptive responses and head control in students with multiple disabilities through a microswitch-based program: Follow-up assessment and program revision
Number of pages
SourceResearch in Developmental Disabilities, 28, 2, (2007), pp. 187-196
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI OLO
Research in Developmental Disabilities
SubjectLearning and Plasticity
A program was recently developed to promote adaptive responses and upright head position in students with multiple disabilities through the use of microswitch clusters (i.e., combinations of two microswitches). The five students exposed to the program showed a significant increase in adaptive responses performed with head upright. The first purpose of this study was to carry out a long-term follow-up assessment of the five students’ frequencies of adaptive responses and percentages of those responses combined with head upright. Recordings were also made of the length of time the head position was kept during each stimulation period following a successful response event and through the sessions. The second purpose of this study was to arrange a program revision for the students with less favorable data on head upright. The revision consisted of making the stimulation following successful response events synchronous with head upright with a maximum duration of 9 s per event. The results of the follow-up assessment showed that two of the students kept the upright head position for nearly the entire stimulation periods that followed successful response events as well as much of the session time. The other three students kept such position for small or intermediate portions of the stimulation periods and of the session time. For these three students, the revised program was applied with substantial benefits. Implications of the findings were discussed.
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