Advances in cochlear implant telemetry: evoked neural responses, electrical field imaging, and technical integrity.
until further notice
SourceTrends in Amplification, 11, 3, (2007), pp. 143-159
Article / Letter to editor
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Trends in Amplification
SubjectDCN 1: Perception and Action; UMCN 3.3: Neurosensory disorders
During the last decade, cochlear implantation has evolved into a well-established treatment of deafness, predominantly because of many improvements in speech processing and the controlled excitation of the auditory nerve. Cochlear implants now also feature telemetry, which is highly useful to monitor the proper functioning of the implanted electronics and electrode contacts. Telemetry can also support the clinical management in young children and difficult cases where neural unresponsiveness is suspected. This article will review recent advances in the telemetry of the electrically evoked compound action potential that have made these measurements simple and routine procedures in most cases. The distribution of the electrical stimulus itself sampled by "electrical field imaging" reveals general patterns of current flow in the normal cochlea and gross abnormalities in individual patients; models have been developed to derive more subtle insights from an individual electrical field imaging. Finally, some thoughts are given to the extended application of telemetry, for example, in monitoring the neural responses or in combination with other treatments of the deaf ear.
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