[Turner syndrome in adulthood: the need for multidisciplinary care]
until further notice
SourceNederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde, 151, 29, (2007), pp. 1616-22
Article / Letter to editor
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Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde
SubjectIGMD 6: Hormonal regulation; NCEBP 12: Human Reproduction; NCEBP 14: Cardiovascular diseases; UMCN 2.1: Heart, lung and circulation; UMCN 5.2: Endocrinology and reproduction
Turner syndrome is the result of the complete or partial absence of one X-chromosome. As well as short stature and gonadal dysgenesis, a wide range of abnormalities which may not present themselves until adulthood, are seen in nearly every organ system. Adult women with this syndrome have a reduced estimated life expectancy due to the greatly increased risk of structural abnormalities of the heart and aorta, and of other cardiovascular disease. The latter is due to the higher prevalence of hypertension, type-2 diabetes mellitus and dyslipidaemia. Furthermore, Turner syndrome in adulthood is characterized by infertility and oestrogen substitution is often necessary. Due to the diverse and interconnected nature of these problems, women with Turner syndrome benefit from coordinated medical care provided by a multidisciplinary outpatient team including an internist-endocrinologist, a gynaecologist and a cardiologist. We advise a periodic medical screening of women with this syndrome.
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