Novel 'phage display antibodies identify distinct heparan sulfate domains in developing mammalian lung.
until further notice
SourcePediatric Surgery International, 23, 5, (2007), pp. 411-417
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
Pediatric Surgery International
SubjectIGMD 9: Renal disorder; NCMLS 1: Immunity, infection and tissue repair; NCMLS 3: Tissue engineering and pathology; UMCN 1.4: Immunotherapy, gene therapy and transplantation; UMCN 2.1: Heart, lung and circulation
Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) are essential to respiratory morphogenesis in species as diverse as Drosophila and mice; they play a role in the regulation of numerous HS-binding growth factors, e.g. fibroblast growth factors. Moreover, an HS analogue, heparin, modulates lung growth in vitro. However, it has been difficult to assess the roles of specific HS structures in lung development due to technical barriers to their spatial localisation. Lungs from Sprague-Dawley rats were harvested between E15.5 and E19.5 and immediately fixed in 4 % (w/v) paraformaldehyde (in 0.1 M phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), pH 7.4). Lungs were washed in PBS, cryoprotected with 20% (w/v) sucrose (in PBS), gelatin embedded [7.5% (w/v) gelatin, 15% (w/v) sucrose in PBS], before being covered in Cryo-M-Bed (Bright, Huntingdon, UK) and snap frozen at -40 degrees C. Cryosections were cut at 8 microm and stained with the HSPG core protein specific antibody 3G10 and a HS 'phage display antibody, EW4G2V. 3G10 and EW4G2V immunohistochemistry highlighted the presence of specific HS structures in lungs at all gestational ages examined. 3G10 strongly labelled airway basement membranes and the surrounding mesenchyme and showed weak staining of airway epithelial cells. EW4G2V, however, was far more selective, labelling the airway basement membranes only. Mesenchymal and epithelial cells did not appear to possess the HS epitope recognised by EW4G2V at these gestational ages. Novel 'phage display antibodies allow the spatial distribution of tissue HS to be analysed, and demonstrate in situ that distinct cellular compartments of a tissue possess different HS structures, possibly on the same proteoglycan core protein. These probes offer a new opportunity to determine the role of HS in the pathogenesis of congenital defects such as congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), where lung development is aberrant, and the resulting pulmonary hypoplasia and hypertension are a primary cause of mortality.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.