[Donor nephrectomy: less fatigue and better quality of life following laparoscopic kidney removal compared with an open procedure by mini-incision: blind randomised study]
SourceNederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde, 151, 24, (2007), pp. 1352-1360
Article / Letter to editor
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Epidemiology, Biostatistics & HTA
Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde
SubjectEBP 2: Effective Hospital Care; NCEBP 14: Cardiovascular diseases; NCEBP 2: Evaluation of complex medical interventions; ONCOL 1: Hereditary cancer and cancer-related syndromes; ONCOL 4: Quality of Care; ONCOL 5: Aetiology, screening and detection; UMCN 5.4: Renal disorders; EBP 2: Effective Hospital Care
OBJECTIVE: Determining possible differences in living donor nephrectomy procedures: laparoscopy against mini-incision concerning discomfort to the donor and the maintenance of good graft function. DESIGN: Blind randomized study. METHOD: In two university medical centres, one hundred living kidney donors were randomly assigned to either total laparoscopic donor nephrectomy or mini-incision muscle-splitting open donor nephrectomy. Primary outcome was physical fatigue measured with the 'Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory' (MFI-20) during one-year follow-up. Secondary outcomes were physical function measured with the 'Short form-36' questionnaire, postoperative hospital stay, amount of pain, operating times and graft and patient survival. RESULTS: Donors who underwent laparoscopy experienced less fatigue (difference: -1.3; 95% CI: -2.4 - (-0.1)) and physical function was better (difference: 6.2; 95% CI: 2.0-10.3) during one-year follow-up. Those donors who underwent laparoscopy required less morphine (16 mg versus 25 mg; p = 0.005) and the duration of hospital stay was shorter (3 versus 4 days; p = 0.003). The laparoscopic procedure resulted in a longer operation time (221 versus 164 min; p < 0.001) a longer first warm ischaemia time (6 versus 3 min; p < 0.001) and less blood loss (100 versus 240 ml; p < 0.001). Recipient renal function and one-year graft survival rates did not differ. The number of preoperative and postoperative complications did not differ significantly between both surgery techniques. Conversions did not occur. CONCLUSION: Donor nephrectomy through laparoscopy led to less fatigue and a better quality of life compared with the open procedure. The safety factors for donors and recipients were comparable for both techniques. Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy is therefore the better surgical choice for kidney donor programmes with living donors.
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