Psychosocial well-being of patients with skin diseases in general practice.
until further notice
SourceJEADV : Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 21, 5, (2007), pp. 662-8
Article / Letter to editor
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JEADV : Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
SubjectEBP 1: Determinants in health and disease; EBP 1: Determinants of Health and Disease; EBP 3: Effective Primary Care and Public Health; N4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; N4i 4: Auto-immunity, transplantation and immunotherapy; NCEBP 14: Cardiovascular diseases; NCEBP 2: Evaluation of complex medical interventions; NCEBP 7: Effective primary care and public health; NCEBP 8: Psychological determinants of chronic illness; UMCN 4.2: Chronic inflammation and autoimmunity; EBP 1: Determinants of Health and Disease
BACKGROUND: Skin diseases are a substantial part of the problems dealt with by general practitioners. Although the psychosocial consequences of skin diseases in secondary care has been extensively studied, little is known about the psychosocial well-being of patients with skin diseases in primary care. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the psychosocial well-being of patients with skin diseases in primary care. PATIENTS/METHODS: Questionnaires about the psychosocial consequences of skin diseases were sent to patients with a skin disease who were registered within a research network (continuous morbidity registration) of general practices that continuously have recorded morbidity data since 1971. Questionnaires completed by 532 patients were eventually suitable for analyses. RESULTS: Compared with the general population, patients with skin diseases reported significantly lower scores for psychosocial well-being. Furthermore, a lower psychosocial wellbeing was significantly related with higher levels of disease-severity, lower disease-related quality of life, longer disease duration, more comorbidity and more physical symptoms of itch, pain and fatigue. After demographic variables and comorbidity were controlled for, sequential regression analyses showed that disease duration, disease severity and physical symptoms (itch, pain and fatigue) were significant predictors of psychosocial well-being. CONCLUSION: The psychosocial well-being of patients with skin diseases in primary care is lower than that of the general population. Special attention has to be directed to those patients with lowered psychosocial well-being who might be at risk of developing severe psychosocial impairments such as clinical depression.
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