The effect of cognitive behaviour therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome on self-reported cognitive impairments and neuropsychological test performance.
until further notice
SourceJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 78, 4, (2007), pp. 434-436
Article / Letter to editor
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Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Subject130 012 Post concussion syndrome after MTBI; DCN 1: Perception and Action; EBP 1: Determinants of Health and Disease; EBP 3: Effective Primary Care and Public Health; N4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; N4i 2: Invasive mycoses and compromised host; NCEBP 10: Human Movement & Fatigue; NCEBP 8: Psychological determinants of chronic illness; NCMLS 1: Infection and autoimmunity; ONCOL 1: Hereditary cancer and cancer-related syndromes; ONCOL 2: Age-related aspects of cancer; ONCOL 4: Quality of Care; UMCN 3.2: Cognitive neurosciences; UMCN 4.1: Microbial pathogenesis and host defense; EBP 1: Determinants of Health and Disease; NCEBP 10: Human Movement & Fatigue
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) often have concentration and memory problems. Neuropsychological test performance is impaired in at least a subgroup of patients with CFS. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for CFS leads to a reduction in fatigue and disabilities. AIM: To test the hypothesis that CBT results in a reduction of self-reported cognitive impairment and in an improved neuropsychological test performance. METHODS: Data of two previous randomised controlled trials were used. One study compared CBT for adult patients with CFS, with two control conditions. The second study compared CBT for adolescent patients with a waiting list condition. Self-reported cognitive impairment was assessed with questionnaires. Information speed was measured with simple and choice reaction time tasks. Adults also completed the symbol digit-modalities task, a measure of complex attentional function. RESULTS: In both studies, the level of self-reported cognitive impairment decreased significantly more after CBT than in the control conditions. Neuropsychological test performance did not improve. CONCLUSIONS: CBT leads to a reduction in self-reported cognitive impairment, but not to improved neuropsychological test performance. The findings of this study support the idea that the distorted perception of cognitive processes is more central to CFS than actual cognitive performance.
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