Murine antigen-induced arthritis.
SourceMethods in Molecular Medicine, 136, (2007), pp. 243-53
Article / Letter to editor
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Methods in Molecular Medicine
SubjectDCN 1: Perception and Action; N4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; N4i 4: Auto-immunity, transplantation and immunotherapy; NCMLS 1: Immunity, infection and tissue repair; NCMLS 1: Infection and autoimmunity; UMCN 4.1: Microbial pathogenesis and host defense; UMCN 4.2: Chronic inflammation and autoimmunity
Antigen induced arthritis is a unilateral T-cell driven model caused by direct injection of an antigen into the knee joint of a FCA preimmunized animal. The chronicity is determined by antigen retention in avascular structures of the joint through charge mediated binding or antibody mediated trapping. Cationicity of the antigen is a prerequisite in this model in the mouse and commercial mBSA is a suitable antigen. Cartilage erosive character is strongly enhanced in the presence of marked antibody titer. Concomitant boosting of the immune response with Bordetella pertussis adds to this. T-cell mediated flares can be induced by local or systemic rechallenge with low dose antigen, and display a strong erosive phenotype.
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