The prognostic value of E-cadherin, alpha-, beta- and gamma-catenin in bladder cancer patients who underwent radical cystectomy.
until further notice
SourceInternational Journal of Urology, 14, 9, (2007), pp. 789-794
Article / Letter to editor
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International Journal of Urology
SubjectNCMLS 6: Genetics and epigenetic pathways of disease; ONCOL 3: Translational research; ONCOL 5: Aetiology, screening and detection; UMCN 1.1: Functional Imaging
OBJECTIVES: To determine the value of the loss of expression of E-cadherin and cadherin associated molecules as useful markers for both prognosis and chemosensitivity in bladder cancer patients who have undergone radical cystectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 55 paraffin embedded specimens of radical cystectomy at our hospital from 1982 to 2000, the expression of E-cadherin, alpha-, beta- and gamma-catenin was examined by immunohistochemical staining. To evaluate the prognostic significance of these molecules, Kaplan-Meier survival curves were constructed and a statistical analysis was calculated by a log-rank test. A multivariate test (tumor stage, tumor grade, lymph node metastasis, configuration, the expression of E-cadherin, alpha-, beta- and gamma-catenin) was performed to detect prognostic markers. RESULTS: Normal expression was found in 33 cases (60.0%) for E-cadherin, 29 (52.7%) for alpha-catenin, 31 cases (56.4%) for beta-catenin, and 31 cases (56.4%) for gamma-catenin. The expression patterns for E-cadherin, alpha-, beta- and gamma-catenin were significantly correlated with each other (P < 0.01). Survival analysis showed a significant difference between normal and aberrant expression in each staining. A multivariate analysis revealed that the expression of alpha- catenin was an independent prognostic factor (P = 0.0191). In 23 patients that received adjuvant chemotherapy, there was a significant difference in survival between the normal and aberrant expression of alpha-catenin, but not other molecules. CONCLUSION: Alpha-catenin may not only be a good prognostic marker, but also one of key molecules that determine the chemosensitivities in patients with invasive bladder cancer.
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