Multivalence and spot heterogeneity in microarray-based measurement of binding constants.
SourceAnalytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 387, 6, (2007), pp. 2017-2025
Article / Letter to editor
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Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
SubjectNCMLS 1: Immunity, infection and tissue repair; NCMLS 7: Chemical and physical biology; ONCOL 3: Translational research; UMCN 1.4: Immunotherapy, gene therapy and transplantation
Microarray technology is increasingly used for a miniaturised and parallel measurement of binding constants. In microarray experiments heterogeneous functionalization of surfaces with capture molecules is a problem commonly encountered. For multivalent ligands, especially, however, binding is strongly affected by receptor density. Here we show that high-resolution imaging of microarrays followed by image segmentation and separate analysis of bright and dark parts provides valuable information about ligand binding. Binding titrations were conducted with monovalent and bivalent fluorescent ligand peptides for the model receptor vancomycin. Microarrays were scanned with a confocal microscope and inhomogeneous spots were evaluated either as a whole or after segmentation into bright and dark areas. Whereas the binding constant for the monovalent ligand was hardly affected by spot heterogeneity, for the bivalent ligand affinity was higher for the parts of the spots with a greater density of receptors. This information was lost if the spots were analysed as a whole. These results reveal that imaging resolution may be a key factor in miniaturised binding assays, emphasising the importance of high-resolution images and image segmentation for new techniques, for example SPR imaging.
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