until further notice
SourcePediatric Neurology, 36, 1, (2007), pp. 30-9
Article / Letter to editor
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Paediatrics - OUD tm 2017
SubjectDCN 1: Perception and Action; UMCN 3.2 Cognitive Neurosciences
To evaluate the effect of multilevel botulinum toxin A and comprehensive rehabilitation on gait pattern, muscle length, and spasticity, a multicenter randomized trial was performed in 46 children with spastic cerebral palsy who walk with flexed knees. Their mean age was 8.0 years (range 4 to 11 years). They were randomly allocated to the intervention group (multilevel botulinum toxin A and comprehensive rehabilitation) or the control group (usual care). After 6 weeks, a significant treatment effect in the intervention group was observed on: improved knee extension during midstance and terminal swing (7 degrees and 5 degrees , P < 0.01, respectively); hip rotation during terminal swing (4 degrees , P = 0.02); gait score (1.7, P < 0.01); decreased spasticity in hamstrings (11 degrees , P < 0.01), gastrocnemius (6 degrees , P = 0.01), and soleus (5 degrees , P = 0.02); and increased muscle length in hamstrings (9 degrees , P < 0.01) and gastrocnemius (5 degrees , P < 0.01). The improved muscle length was maintained up to 24 weeks. This study demonstrated that multilevel botulinum toxin A and comprehensive rehabilitation improves knee extension during gait, increases muscle length, and decreases spasticity in injected muscles after 6 weeks in children who walk with flexed knees. Although the effect on muscle length was maintained after 24 weeks, the effect on gait and spasticity had disappeared.
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