Results of sacral neuromodulation therapy for urinary voiding dysfunction: outcomes of a prospective, worldwide clinical study.
SourceJournal of Urology, 178, 5, (2007), pp. 2029-2034
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
Journal of Urology
SubjectDCN 1: Perception and Action; NCMLS 6: Genetics and epigenetic pathways of disease; UMCN 1.1: Functional Imaging
PURPOSE: This 5-year, prospective, multicenter trial evaluated the long-term safety and efficacy of sacral neuromodulation in patients with refractory urge incontinence, urgency frequency and retention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 17 centers worldwide enrolled 163 patients (87% female). Following test stimulation 11 patients declined implantation and 152 underwent implantation using InterStim. Of those treated with implantation 96 (63.2%) had urge incontinence, 25 (16.4%) had urgency frequency and 31 (20.4%) had retention. Voiding diaries were collected annually for 5 years. Clinical success was defined as 50% or greater improvement from baseline in primary voiding diary variable(s). RESULTS: Data for all implanted cases were reported. For patients with urge incontinence mean leaking episodes per day decreased from 9.6 +/- 6.0 to 3.9 +/- 4.0 at 5 years. For patients with urgency frequency mean voids per day decreased from 19.3 +/- 7.0 to 14.8 +/- 7.6, and mean volume voided per void increased from 92.3 +/- 52.8 to 165.2 +/- 147.7 ml. For patients with retention the mean volume per catheterization decreased from 379.9 +/- 183.8 to 109.2 +/- 184.3 ml, and the mean number of catheterizations decreased from 5.3 +/- 2.8 to 1.9 +/- 2.8. All changes were statistically significant (p <0.001). No life threatening or irreversible adverse events occurred. In 102 patients 279 device or therapy related adverse events were observed. At 5 years after implantation 68% of patients with urge incontinence, 56% with urgency frequency and 71% with retention had successful outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: This long-term study demonstrates that InterStim therapy is safe and effective for restoring voiding in appropriately selected cases refractory to other forms of treatment.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.